The c.14524G>A change in
exon 101 resulted in a p.Val4842Met substitution that mapped to the M8 trans-membrane fragment of the Ca2+ pore domain . RyR1 expression analysis did not show truncated proteins but instead a major decrease of the mature protein, indicating the residual presence of a low amount (15 ± 8%) of mutated Met4842 Target Selective Inhibitor Library purchase protein in the proband’s muscle (Figure 6). Patient 2 was p.[Thr4709Met] + p.[Glu4181Lys] compound heterozygous. The paternal p.Thr4709Met substitution, resulting from a c.14126C>T change in exon 96 that affected a conserved threonyl residue located in the Ca2+ pore domain of the protein, has been previously reported in a case of recessive core myopathy . The maternal p.Glu4181Lys novel substitution that resulted from a c.12541G>A transition in exon 90,
affected a highly conserved glutamyl residue located in a cytoplasmic domain of unknown function (Table 2). Patient 3 was compound heterozygous for the novel p.[Glu4911Lys] and p.[Arg2336Cys] variants. The paternal p.Glu4911Lys (c.14731G>A, exon 102) variant affected PLX4032 clinical trial a highly conserved glutamyl residue that mapped to the M10 trans-membrane fragment of the Ca2+ pore domain . The maternal p.Arg2336Cys (c.7006C>T, exon 43) variant also substituted a very well-conserved arginyl residue located in the MH2 domain of the protein, usually associated with malignant hyperthermia dominant mutations. However, no anaesthetic history has been reported in the patient or relatives harbouring the p.Arg2336Cys variant (Table 2). Patient 4 was p.[Pro3202Leu] + p.[Gly3521Cys] compound heterozygous. Both variants are novel and substituted highly conserved residues among species and RYR isoforms. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II The paternal p.Pro3202Leu (c.9605C>T, exon 65) variant affected
a prolyl residue located in a central region of the protein of unknown function. The maternal p.Gly3521Cys (c.10561G>T) variant substituted a glycyl residue located within exon 71 adjacent to the alternatively spliced region I (ASI), possibly involved in interdomain interaction (Table 2) . Patient 5 was p.[Pro3138Leu] + p.[Arg3772Trp] compound heterozygous. The paternal p.Pro3138Leu (c.9413C>T) variant affected a highly conserved prolyl residue that mapped to exon 63. This variant has not been reported previously. The maternal p.Arg3772Trp (c.11314C>T, exon 79) variant has been recently reported in an MHS patient . The mutation substituted a highly conserved argininyl residue into a nonconservative tryptophan located in a cytoplasmic domain of unknown function (Table 2). Analysis of patient 6′s cDNA revealed the presence of two abnormal transcripts characterized by insertions of 132 bp and 32 bp between exons 56 and 57, and the presence of a normally spliced transcript. Genomic sequencing of intron 56 identified a homozygous c.