Parking was available for a fee and a limited volunteer driver program was offered to patients who could not otherwise access the hospital. The pulmonary rehabilitation program followed a standard format (Nici et al 2006), with seven weeks of twice-weekly group exercise and self-management education sessions. The exercise component was individually prescribed and consisted of 30 minutes of aerobic training (walking and exercise bike) with intensity progressed weekly, and resistance training using functional tasks such as step ups and sit to stand. Sessions were conducted in the morning. Patients were included in the study if they had a diagnosis of COPD and were aged 18 years or over. Patients were excluded if
they did not speak English and selleck LY2835219 price could not participate in an interview. Individuals who were eligible to take part were contacted by an independent investigator not involved in delivery of the clinical program who provided written information and obtained consent. Nine interview questions were developed (Box 1) and reviewed by two experts in the delivery of pulmonary rehabilitation programs. The questions allowed exploration of possible reasons for and individual experiences associated with non-attendance and non-completion. All participants who undertook the semi-structured interview were given the option of doing it at their home or over the telephone. Interviews were recorded
and took 20–40 minutes to complete. Researcher triangulation was employed, with interviews conducted by one of two researchers (AK or AH) in order to reduce the potential almost for bias (Patton 1999).
Researchers were encouraged to make observational memos for use during analysis (Boije 2010). Each interview was transcribed verbatim by a single researcher. If clarification was needed on the content or meaning of an interview the participant was contacted to review the information. Demographic information collected directly from participants and from their medical record was gender, age, body mass index (BMI), lung disease severity using the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria (Rabe et al 2007) based on recent (within six months) spirometry, smoking status, home oxygen use, living situation, comorbidities score (Charlson et al 1987) and distance between their home and the pulmonary rehabilitation venue. 1. Who suggested that you might attend a pulmonary rehabilitation program? De-identified interview transcripts were examined independently by two researchers (AK and AH). Line-by-line iterative thematic analysis (Boyatzis 1998) of the transcribed interviews took place, where descriptive codes were devised to represent the data. Three rounds of coding were used. Open coding commenced during data collection and was used to compile a hierarchical coding scheme. Axial coding was then used to refine and delineate the relationship of themes to subthemes.