Bakun M, Karczmarski J, Poznanski J, Rubel T, Rozga M, Malinowska

Bakun M, Karczmarski J, Poznanski J, Rubel T, Rozga M, Malinowska A, Sands D, Hennig E, Oledzki J, Ostrowski J, et al.: An integrated LC-ESI-MS platform

for quantitation of serum peptide ladders. Application for colon carcinoma study. Proteomics Clin Appl 2009,3(8):932–946.PubMedCrossRef 29. Diamandis E: Peptidomics for cancer diagnosis: present and future. J Proteome Res 2006,5(9):2079–2082.PubMedCrossRef 30. Falanga A, Gordon SG: Isolation and characterization of cancer procoagulant: a cysteine proteinase from malignant Z-IETD-FMK tissue. CP-690550 manufacturer Biochemistry 1985,24(20):5558–5567.PubMedCrossRef 31. O’Mullan P, Craft D, Yi J, Gelfand CA: Thrombin induces broad spectrum proteolysis in human serum samples. Clin Chem Lab Med 2009,47(6):685–693.PubMed 32. Niessen S, Hoover H, Selleck AZD0156 Gale AJ: Proteomic analysis of the coagulation reaction in plasma and whole blood using PROTOMAP. Proteomics 2011,11(12):2377–2388.PubMedCrossRef 33. Wildes D, Wells JA: Sampling the N-terminal proteome of human blood. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010,107(10):4561–4566.PubMedCrossRef 34. Murnane MJ, Shuja S, Del Re E, Cai J, Iacobuzio-Donahue C, Klepeis V: Characterizing human colorectal carcinomas

by proteolytic profile. In vivo (Athens, Greece) 1997,11(3):209–216. 35. Gosalia DN, Denney WS, Salisbury CM, Ellman JA, Diamond SL: Functional phenotyping of human plasma using a 361-fluorogenic substrate biosensing microarray. Biotechnol Bioeng 2006,94(6):1099–1110.PubMedCrossRef 36. Watson DS, Jambunathan K, Askew DS, Kodukula K, Galande AK: Robust substrate profiling method reveals striking differences in specificities of serum and lung fluid proteases. Biotechniques 2011,51(2):95–104.PubMed Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions PF planned the experiments

and wrote the manuscript, VC and DY performed the mass spectrometric measurements and the data analyses. RH was responsible for the design of the study and MN participated in the manuscript preparation and revised it critically. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Introduction Cancer xenograft models of immunodeficient mice are widely applied in various cancer research areas. Recently, xenografted human tumors are commonly used for preclinical drug testing, including biomarker discovery. [1, 2] It has been reported that there is a close correlation between the effects in xenografts buy 5-FU and clinical outcomes, in terms of both drug resistance and sensitivity. [3] An eventual goal of such preclinical studies using mouse xenograft models is the realization of personalized medicine. Molecular analyses using clinical specimens or xenografted tumors are essential in research for personalized medicine, and high purity samples of sufficient volume are necessary for precise analyses. In general, mouse xenografts are superior to clinical specimens because of the abundance and renewability of the tumor samples. Tumors consist of two components, i.e.

Comments are closed.